Revenue Generation for Governance and Growth (RG3)
Africa and Middle East,
Client: Government of Liberia
Origin of Funding: USAID
The purpose of the project is to increase the capacity of targeted government institutions of Liberia, particularly the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning (MFDP) and the Liberia Revenue Authority (LRA) to improve domestic revenue mobilization in the country.
The project led by DAI International is focused on supporting the MFDP to develop the capacity to formulate sound, predictable, and fair revenue policies. In addition, it also seeks to support the LRA to enhance its ability to effectively, efficiently, and transparently implement those policies and carry out its revenue collection mandate.
The project will also involve collaboration with the Government, private sector, and civil society to strengthen dialogues, and to raise awareness and engagement about taxes and their benefits with an aim to build tax morale, increase voluntary compliance, and foster greater trust between taxpayers and the Government.
PMCG is working with the MFDP and LRA to create a policy environment that is predictable, transparent, fair and conducive to improved revenue mobilization.
In this regard, PMCG will conduct the following activities:
Assist MFDP and LRA to enhance revenue forecasting
Assist MFDP to review the current tax regime for adequacy and support institutionalization of processes for the development and drafting of laws and regulations where appropriate
Support analysis, consultation, and advocacy toward the introduction of VAT and the planning, coordination, and execution of VAT implementation
Assist MFDP and LRA in the preparation of specialized analysis, including tax expenditure analysis, impact analysis and data analysis
Increase the capacity of MFDP and LRA to review, analyze, and provide recommendations on the fiscal terms of concessions and other investment agreements
In addition, PMCG will support the LRA to improve the efficiency, integrity, and transparency of revenue administration via the following specific activities:
Assist the LRA to expand taxpayer registration, including that of individuals (non-corporate taxpayers)
Support planning and roll out of tax and customs “e-services,” such as e-filing, e-payment, and mobile money, with an aim to reduce compliance burdens and improve revenue collection
Assist LRA leadership and build Professional Ethics Department (PED) capacity to institute a strategy, controls, and measures to promote ethical conduct, to investigate and address misconduct, and to improve LRA staff integrity
Assist the LRA to develop and roll out competency-based tax and customs training programs, including in taxpayer services, tax audit, collections/debt management, IT, management, and other areas
Assist the LRA, BOTA, and the judiciary, as appropriate, to develop capacity to objectively, transparently, and efficiently manage objections and appeals as well as cases referred to the Liberian courts
Support the LRA in the development and implementation of a communications strategy, including informational guides, FAQs, and other user-friendly materials to educate and guide the public on tax issues
PMCG is launching a new EU-funded project entitled “Support to Security Sector Oversight Bodies in Georgia” as part of an international consortium led by B&S Europe, in the course of the “EU for Security, Accountability and Fight against Crime in Georgia (SAFE)” program. With an expected duration of three years, the project aims to consolidate and strengthen the role and activities of independent oversight bodies in Georgia in line with best EU and international practices.
We are continuing to contribute to regional infrastructure development, which is essential to any country’s overall economic development. With this in mind, recently, we launched a new project, working together with the United Water Supply Company of Georgia (UWSCG) to provide construction supervision services with respect to rehabilitation and construction works in the water supply system in the city of Telavi in Georgia.
At PMCG, we know that supporting young people in their development is key to securing an effective and sustainable future for the country as a whole. Moreover, we are certain that youth play a crucial role in ensuring progress, especially in developing countries. Accordingly, we have long been empowering young people by assisting them to obtain high-quality education, and we continue to do so.
Between July 27 and August 8, a mission from PMCG headed by Mr. Vakhtang Lashkaradze and Mr. Givi Nadiradze, with the purpose of enhancing trade facilitation through advancing border management and customs policies, visited Uzbekistan where they participated in 18 separate meetings with various departments of the State Customs Committee of Uzbekistan, as well as leading representatives of the private sector. In addition, they visited all types of customs checkpoints in Tashkent and the surrounding region, and conducted capacity-building training sessions as well.
We recently launched a summative evaluation of the 5-year Canada-Ukraine Trade and Investment Support (CUTIS) Project, aiming to share results achieved by the project with key stakeholders, and enhance future possible programming in the economic growth sector by recommending how to strengthen the involvement of Ukrainian small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in trade and investment.
Poverty alleviation remains one of the biggest challenges for the world, including Georgia. Methods applied to determine the poverty rate vary from country to country, so in order to gain a broad understanding of the current situation regarding poverty in Georgia at the international level, it is important to take into account a variety of indicators. In 2020, GDP per capita in Georgia amounted to 4279 USD, ranking it 122nd in the world and 3rd among Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries. Meanwhile, the Human Capital Index (HCI) calculates the contributions of health and education to worker productivity with Georgia scoring 0.57 in 2020, ranking 85th out of 174 countries world and having the lowest score among EaP countries.Multidimensional poverty encompasses various forms of deprivation experienced by poor people such as poor health, lack of education, inadequate living standards, poor quality of work and the threat of violence. In 2019, 3.8% of the population in Georgia was multidimensionally poor, ranking 57th out of 120 countries in the world and first among EaP countries. The Gini Index measures income distribution within a society. In 2021, Georgia scored 36.4 on the Gini Index, ranking 76th out of 165 countries and having the highest inequality rate among EaP countries. In terms of life expectancy, in 2020 average life expectancy in Georgia was 74.2 years, ranking it 101st in the world and 3rd among EaP countries. Taking into account these indicators, Georgia, on an international level, is an upper-middle-income country with moderate rates of inequality and life expectancy. Due to its poor educational and healthcare systems, Georgia has been unable to mobilize its human capital to achieve a higher level of economic development.
Total trade turnover in Ukraine amounted to 61.2 bln USD, marking an increase of 14.07 bln USD (29.9%) compared to the corresponding period of 2020;
Ukrainian exports increased by 7.01 bln USD (30.6%) compared to the corresponding period of 2020, while Ukrainian imports increased by 7.06 bln USD (29.2%);
Compared to the corresponding prepandemic period of 2019, Ukrainian exports increased by 5.5 bln USD (22.3%), while its imports increased by 3.01 bln USD (10.7%);
Ukraine’s trade deficit amounted to 1.3 bln USD, which represents a 0.02 bln USD (1.5%) decrease compared to the corresponding period of 2020;
Ukraine’s main trade partners were China, Poland, and Germany, with shares in total trade volume of 14.5%, 7.6% and 6.5%, respectively. Ukraine’s main export partners were China (14.3% of total exports), Poland (7.9%), and Turkey (6%). Meanwhile, its main import partners were China (14.6% of total imports), Germany (8.9%), and Russia (9.1%);
54.4% of Ukrainian exports were concentrated among its top ten partners, while imports were slightly less diversified with the top ten partners responsible for 63.7% of total imports;
Compared with the corresponding period of 2020, a 24.3% decrease in trade turnover with Russia was observed, while significant 33% and 40.6% increases were recorded in the cases of China and the EU.
The poultry sector in Georgia enjoyed stable growth between 2007 and 2020 (i.e. since the global outbreak of bird flu had abated in 2006). The sector is the only agricultural sector to contribute VAT payments to the Georgian economy. The sector, as well as most other sectors of the economy, has been affected by the country’s move toward approximation with European standards, especially in recent years. This issue is largely based on the "Poultry Cluster Diagnostic Study in Kvemo Kartli Region," published by PMC Research Center, for United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) under the “EU Innovative Action for Private Sector Competitiveness in Georgia (EU IPSC).” Find the full publication here: https://bit.ly/3kSILkL
The number of international travelers increased by 538.3% in August 2021, compared to the same period of 2020, and declined by 77.3% compared to the same period in 2019. Meanwhile, the number of international visitors increased by 510.5% (2021/2020) and declined by 75.5% (2021/2019), and the number of international tourists increased by 615.2% (2021/2020) and declined by 67.2% (2021/2019);
Tourists coming to Georgia have customarily originated from a small concentrated selection of countries. Specifically, in 2019, 71.4% of all international visitors to Georgia came from its four neighboring countries. However, in August 2021, the corresponding proportion amounted to just 40.8%, mostly due to an increase in the number of visits from Ukraine, Saudi Arabia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan;
Targeting tourism markets with potential for expansion could be a fruitful approach in Georgia’s economic recovery as the pandemic eventually subsides. In particular, China, with an average growth rate in its number of visitors to Georgia of 54% over 2015-2019, and Kazakhstan, with a corresponding indicator at 36%, stand out as promising markets.
In Georgia, the average cost of a room in a 3-star hotel was 151 GEL per night in August 2021, while the average cost of a room in a 4-star hotel in Georgia was 268 GEL per night and the average cost of a room in a guesthouse was 95 GEL per night. The average cost of a room in a 5-star hotel in Georgia in August 2021 was 514 GEL per night. In Guria, the average price was 807 GEL, followed by Tbilisi - 604 GEL, Adjara - 570 GEL and Kakheti – 546 GEL.